What is the difference between Proofreading and Editing?


Proofreading involves checking correcting minor errors in writing, such as grammatical, spelling, punctuation and other language mistakes.

In particular proofreading will focus on :-

  • whether full stops, commas, colons, semicolons used correctly?
  • any spelling errors?
  • whether quotation marks and apostrophes been used appropriately?
  • identifying inconsistent use of terminology, spelling and formatting


Editing involves being provided with proactive suggestions as to how to improve the overall quality of your writing, particularly in relation to language use and expression.

After editing, your language will be sharp and consistent, your expression clear and the overall readability of your writing enhanced. Note that editing encompasses the services included in proofreading too.

Editing will focus on :-

  • whether appropriate words been chosen to express ideas in the writing?
  • identifying the excessive use of words
  • whether the tone and approach in writing is appropriate for the audience

In academic editing, primary attention is also given to ensuring referencing style and formatting requirements are being adhered to.